Applications are now being accepted for ENDURE's 2016 Summer School. Focusing on 'The role of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in mitigating the effects of climate change on pest dynamics - modelling approaches', the Summer School will run from October 9 to 14, 2016.
The Summer School will take place at SIAF, an International School of Advanced Education recently established by the Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna of Pisa and the Foundation of the Cassa di Risparmio di Volterra. SIAF is located in Volterra, 60km south-east of the Italian city of Pisa, in the heart of the Tuscany countryside.
Aims and rationale
The objective of this year's ENDURE Summer School is to allow PhD students to meet scientists who are actively implementing modelling approaches to develop IPM strategies which are able to take into account future climate scenarios. The organisers note that climate change, through its effect on temperature, rainfall and atmospheric CO2 concentration, will impact many agricultural production situations worldwide. In addition to the direct impact on yield, climate change will also affect biocenosis dynamics. In particular, they say, pest (plant pathogens, animal pests and weeds) and beneficial dynamics will be affected and lead to new injury profiles and associated quantitative and qualitative damage to crop production. Given the complexity of the crop-soil-atmosphere-pest-auxiliary system, modelling is a key scientific approach to help design future cropping systems more resilient to biotic stress, with limited reliance on pesticides.
The Summer School programme will include lectures given by internationally renowned experts, team work to facilitate the active participation of the selected PhD students and their interaction with lecturers, and opportunities during the whole week for students to discuss individually with lecturers their PhD project or related questions.
The teaching objectives are to:
|8h30-9h00||Introduction: presentation of the programme, pedagogical objectives, lecturers and participants. Anna-Camilla Moonen (SSSA) and Jean-Noël Aubertot (INRA)|
|9h00-10h30||What is climate change? What is measured? What do the General Circulation Models say? Katia Laval|
|11h00-12h00||How do crops react to climate change (CC)? Til Feike (JKI)|
|12h00- 12h30||Design of potential modelling projects on the mitigation of CC effects on pest dynamics through ad hoc IPM strategies. All. Chairman: Jean-Noël Aubertot (INRA)|
|13h30-14h30||Why modelling? Conceptual modelling. Niels Holst (AU)|
|14h30-15h30||Model evaluation. Daniel Wallach (INRA)|
|16h00-17h00||Sensitivity and uncertainty analyses. Mark Szalai (PPI, Szent István University)|
|17h00- 17h30||Assignment of modelling projects to groups of 3 students. All. Chairman: Jay-Ram Lamichane (INRA)|
|17h30-18h30||Optional lecture: catching up with R. program à la carte. François Brun (ACTA)|
|8h30-10h30||How pests (weeds, plant pathogens, animal pests) and crops react to CC? Marcello Donatelli, AgMIP|
|11h00-12h30||Parameter estimation. Daniel Wallach (INRA)|
|13h30-14h30||Dimensional analysis. Jean-Noël Aubertot (INRA)|
|14h30-16h30||Modelling projects (All)|
|16h30-18h30||How to mitigate the impacts of CC on plant pathogens 1/2? Introduction to numerical algorithms: when numerics go wrong?! Application to SEIR models. Jay-Ram Lamichane (INRA)|
|8h30-9h30||How to mitigate the impacts of CC on plant pathogens 2/2? Qualitative modelling. Jean-Noël Aubertot (INRA)|
|9h30-10h30||How to mitigate the impacts of CC on weeds? The UNISIM platform. Niels Holst (AU)|
|11h00-12h00||How to mitigate the impact of CC on animal pests 1/3? Lattice models, spatial and temporal models. Mark Szalai (PPI, Szent István University)|
|12h00-12h30||AgMIP and the role of model ensembles in modelling. Daniel Wallach (INRA)|
|13h30-15h00||Optional technical support to the programming in R for the modelling projects. Chairman: François Brun (ACTA)|
|15h00-17h30||Visit to the Etruscan city of Volterra|
|17h30-19h30||Free time in Volterra|
|8h30-9h30||How to mitigate the impact of CC on animal pests 2/3? Jay-Ram Lamichane (INRA)|
|9h30-10h30||To be decided|
|11h00-12h30||Integrating pests into crop models. Til Feike (JKI)|
|13h30-14h30||How to mitigate the impact of CC on animal pests 3/3? Use of a phenology model of an insect (carrot weevil). François Brun (ACTA)|
|14h30-16h00||Modelling projects (All)|
|16h30-18h30||Modelling projects (All)|
|8h30-10h30||Presentation of the results of the modelling projects (All)|
|11h00-12h00||Presentation of the results of the modelling projects (All)|
|12h00-12h30||Wrap-up session of the summer school|
|13h30||Departure from Volterra|
During the Summer School there will be a guest lecture via videoconference from Katia Laval (pictured right), Emeritus Professor at the Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris. For more information on her professional career, click here. She recently published a book, titled Incertitudes sur le climat . You can read more here. A second guest lecture via videoconference will be given by Marcello Donatelli of AGMED.
Who can apply
The Summer School will host a maximum of 30 PhD students. The PhD students applying for this course are expected to be enrolled in a PhD programme whose topic is connected to IPM for sustainable crop protection. Upon request, the selection committee may decide to accept participation of researchers with a special interest in this topic who are not performing a PhD.
At the start of the Summer School students need to be basic users of R. During the selection procedure, organisers will give precedence to PhD students with R-programming experience. However, based on the entrance level of interested participants, the organisers may provide an introductory course on the use of R or suggest some online courses that students will have to follow before the start of the Summer School.
Interested students should register on the application website and complete the online application procedure.
Applications must include:
Based on these documents a selection committee will evaluate your application and communicate within 14 days if you are accepted. The first 30 eligible applications will be honoured.
The cost of participating in the Summer School is €750, and includes housing, meals, access to the lecture room, daily coffee breaks and a guided tour of Volterra on the Wednesday afternoon. The cost is reduced with respect to the actual cost of participation thanks to co-financing by ENDURE partners, which covers the participation of lecturers. Travel is not included, except for the bus from Pisa airport to SIAF Volterra on Sunday evening and back again on Friday afternoon.
For more information: